In the first part, the general problem of machine translation (automatic translation of text from one language to another) will be discussed, as well as the history of research into machine translation. We will then briefly consider older approaches to machine translation (before the current focus on machine learning). Then, some particular challenges for natural language processing that must be solved on the way to general approaches for machine translation will be presented. Finally, we will discuss the important topic of evaluation of machine translation systems.
In the second part, we will look at statistical machine translation (SMT), which became the dominant paradigm in translation from about 2000 to 2015, and is still the core of many industrial systems. The related concepts of translational equivalence (established through word alignment), simple statistical models and search algorithms will be introduced.
In the third and last part of the lecture, we will consider the deep learning approaches used in so-called neural machine translation (NMT). We will briefly introduce the concepts of word embeddings and deep learning before moving on to provide a high-level overview of recurrent neural networks (RNNs) and Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) approaches to translation, and then follow up with the state-of-the-art Transformer approach, and talk about transfer learning (with applications beyond NMT).
Theoretical understanding of the challenges of machine translation and the models used to solve them.
Practical experience in solving sub-problems of machine translation, as well as familiarity with the data used for training statistical models.
Email Address: SubstituteMyLastName@cis.uni-muenchen.de
CIS, LMU Munich
Tuesdays, 16 to 18 (c.t.). ONLINE WITH ZOOM. Link will be sent to students listed in LSF.
Wednesdays, 14 to 16 (c.t.). ONLINE WITH ZOOM. Link will be sent to students listed in LSF.
For the video, if there is a mov file, then it is the "trimmed" one (dead space at beginning and end removed). This will be larger than the original due to encoding issues. But in this case I include the original mp4 in case of problems or if you want a smaller file.
|Date||Topic||Reading (DO AFTER THE MEETING!)||Slides||Video|
|April 21st||Orientation and Introduction to Machine Translation||mov mp4|
|April 22nd||Introduction to Statistical Machine Translation||ppt pdf||mp4|
|April 28th||Bitext alignment (extracting lexical knowledge from parallel corpora)||ppt pdf||mp4|
|April 29th at 15:15 (not 14:15)||Bitext alignment continued||Optional: read about Model 1 in Koehn and/or Knight (see below)||mp4|
|May 5th||Many-to-many alignments and Phrase-based model||ppt pdf||mp4|
|May 6th|| Log-linear model and Minimum Error Rate Training ||ppt pdf||mp4|
|May 13th||Linear Models||pptx pdf||mp4|
|May 19th||Neural Networks (and Word Embeddings)||mp4|
|May 20th||Bilingual Word Embeddings and Unsupervised SMT (Viktor Hangya)||mp4|
|May 26th||Training and RNN/LSTMs (Denis Peskov)||mp4|
|May 27th||Encoder-Decoder and Attention (Jindřich Libovický)||mp4|
|June 2nd||Pfingstdienstag (holiday)|
|June 9th||Transformer, Document and Unsupervised NMT (Dario Stojanovski)||mp4|
|June 10th||Transfer Learning for Unsupervised NMT (Alexandra Chronopoulou)||mp4|
|June 16th||Linguistic Information in Machine Translation (Marion Di Marco)||mp4|
|June 17th||Operation Sequence Model and OOV Translation||14_part1_OSM.pdf 14_part2_OOV.pdf||mp4|
|June 23rd||Exercise 1 Released. Due Tuesday Jun 30th at 15:00.||exercise1.txt||mp4|
|June 24th||Office hours|
|June 30th||Exercise 2 Released. Due Tuesday July 14th at 15:00.||exercise2.html||mp4|
|July 1st||Office hours|
|July 14th||Exercise 3 Released. Due Tuesday July 21st at 15:00.||exercise3.pdf||mp4|
|July 15th||Office hours (starting at 15:15, not 14:15)|
|July 21st||Dry run for Zoom Exam. Exercise 4 Released. Due *MONDAY* July 27th at 15:00.|| trial_exam.doc |
exercise4.pdf (CORRECTED!) DUE *MONDAY*
|July 22nd||Office hours (please send an email!)|
|July 27th, MONDAY at 16:15|| Comments on Exercise 4. Office hours. |
Please use the Tuesday URL!
|July 28th|| Exam (on Zoom!). |
Please use the usual Tuesday URL!
Philipp Koehn's book Statistical Machine Translation
Kevin Knight's tutorial on SMT (particularly look at IBM Model 1)